In concept of countable and uncountable nouns, we know if the things are more than 1 or in big quantities, we should use some special rules, for example in countable nouns we use suffix -s/-es. However, we also can use adjective many/much, few/little and some/any to express the plural form of it. What are differences between them?Let's check it out.
#1. Much Or Many?
In Indonesia, much or many means "banyak". It shows the big quantities of something, which :
Because of Uncountable noun, we don't need to add final -s/-es after noun in plural forms
- MUCH is used for expressing plural form "banyak" for uncountable noun. Example :
- Her uncle had given us much money since two days ago.
- That drunkard drank much alcohol and ate much noodle last night.
- We don't need much flour and much oil to fry it.
- MANY is used for expressing plural form "banyak" for countable noun.
Not all of countable noun add by final -s/-es for plural form. Remember there are some noun are irregular form >>see this article
- Gigih reads many magazines and collects many toys.
- Do you see many children in my house?
- We don't need buy many glasses and plates.
#2. Little or Few?
In Indonesia, Little or Few means "sedikit". It means that the numbers or quantities are lower than much/many but still more than a/an.
- LITTLE, is "sedikit" that used for Uncountable Nouns. Using of Little can be used stand alone or adding by article a ..... of .....
- My brother tasted a little of honey from my uncle.
- Sania doesn't pour little powder onto the cake.
- He looks little nervous before his performance.
- Your monkey eats few bananas every days.
- I catch few butterflies in the garden and I'll release them soon.
#3.Some or Any?
Remember, SOME / ANY can be used by both uncountable and countable nouns. The only things that differentiate it only form of the sentences, which SOME for Positive and offering, while ANY for Negative and Interrogative
Some or Any in Indonesian means "beberapa" (several). It's not different between countable and uncountable nouns for using some or any, excepts some countable nouns are using -s/-es after the nouns (to show their pluralisation).
- SOME is used for POSITIVE Sentence and OFFERING sentence (in questions). Let's read these example:
- Fitrah drinks some water in the kitchen.
- Would you like some meatballs or juice?
- I like some potatoes when I'm hungry.
- Do you like some salt in your soup?
- Do you have any erasers?
- I don't have any problems
- Could you show me any examples?
- She will not find any meat in the market today.