Have or Has? In English grammar, we are familiar with these words, right?
Yep, in English these words we know as Verb 1 and the meaning is Mempunyai in Indonesia.
But do you know guys, Have or has also have other functions besides as a verb. Do you want to know?
#1. As Verb
As I already stated before, Have or has become verb in present tense and the meaning is "mempunyai". We use Have if the subject is I/ you / we / they.
And we use Has if the subject is He / she / it.
Those if we use them in positive sentences.
- Diana has a fluffy cat in her house
- Sam and erick have good friends in their school
#2. As Auxiliary verb in perfect tense
Have or has become an auxiliary verb in perfect tense before Verb 3 ( participle). In indonesia have/has as aux.verb in perfect tense meaning is "Telah". In negative and interrogative, have or has doesn't change their form or the verb (participle). Similar with have or has in present tense, have is for I/you/they/we while has for he/she/it
- Meta has waited for her mother since morning
- They have played chess for two hourse
- kiki has not eaten the meal since this afternoon
- Have you asked him to join our club?
#3. As Modals auxiliary verb
As modals, Have or has is joined with TO becomes Have to or Has to and the meaning is "Harus" (*obligation similar with Must).Similar with have or has in present tense, have is for I/you/they/we while has for he/she/it. After Have to or has to following by verb 1 (infinitive)
- Toni's unclehas torepair his car before going trip
- Nana and her sister have to finish their assignment
- Sonya hasn't to send the message to me later on
- Children Haven't to study in the house with their family